Anderson Critical Thinking

CHRIS ANDERSON is professor of English and the composition coordinator at Oregon State University. Author of many scholarly articles and reviews and coauthor or editor of numerous books, including several textbooks for composition, he is also a much-published poet and writer of creative nonfiction, whose Edge Effects: Notes from an Oregon Forest was a finalist for the Oregon Book Award. His latest scholarly projects include the forthcoming Teaching as Believing: Faith in the University.

LEX RUNCIMAN is professor of English and former director of the writing center at Linfield College. He has written and lectured extensively on writing pedagogy, particularly writing across the curriculum. Coauthor or editor of several textbooks, he is the author of The St. Martin's Workbook (Bedford/St. Martin's, 2003). A poet and an editor of poetry anthologies, his latest collection of his own work is Out of Town.

--This text refers to an out of print or unavailable edition of this title.

Critical Thinking Exercise

The following short quiz was developed by Anderson Consulting Worldwide to test critical thinking. It consists of 4 questions. The questions are not difficult. They are a quick measure of what it takes to be a professional. Answer each question in order, and do not scroll down until you have answered the question.

1.   How do you put a giraffe into a refrigerator?

The correct answer to question number 1 is:
Open the refrigerator, put in the giraffe, and close the door.
This question tests whether you tend to do simple things in an overly complicated way.

2.   How do you put an elephant into a refrigerator?

Did you say, Open the refrigerator, put in the elephant, and close the refrigerator? Wrong answer.
Correct answer: Open the refrigerator, take out the giraffe, put in the elephant and close the door.
This tests your ability to think through the repercussions of your previous actions.

3.   The Lion King is hosting an animal conference. All the animals attend ... except one. Which animal does not attend?

Correct Answer: The elephant. The elephant is in the refrigerator. You just put him in there. This tests your memory. Okay, even if you did not answer the first three questions correctly, you still have one more chance to show your true abilities.

4.   There is a river you must cross but it is used by crocodiles, and you do not have a boat. How do you manage it?

Correct Answer: You jump into the river and swim across. Have you not been listening? All the crocodiles are attending the animal conference. This tests whether you learn quickly from your mistakes.

According to Anderson Consulting Worldwide, around 90% of the professionals tested got all questions wrong. They also tested preschoolers and found that most children got one or two questions correct. What does this all mean? Can it conclusively demonstrate that most professionals don't have the brains of a four-year-old?

Not surprisingly: An estimated 12% of U.S. businessmen wear their ties so tight that they restrict blood flow to their brain.

Bill Gates began programming computers at age 13.

It takes 720 peanuts to make a pound of peanut butter.

Both poison oak and poison ivy are members of the cashew family.

Relaxation begins at the Landmark Resort in Door County  .... 1-800-273-7877.

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